The agreements and institutions established in 1985 proved effective in the early years of the treaty, but became obsolete after 1992, when the original fishing regime ended. From 1992 to 1998, Canada and the United States failed to agree on extensive coastal fishing regimes. In 1999, negotiations between governments resulted in the successful renewal of long-term fishing regimes under the Pacific Treaty. If there is no common agreement on the management and protection of nature, one nation can harvest too many stocks from the other country and thwart its country of origin`s management plans. Uncontrolled listening can also jeopardize the administrative and financial assistance needed for salmon improvement programmes: the country of origin may be reluctant to invest in hatcheries or habitat protection and restoration when fish produced are caught by fishermen from another nation. Interception of fishing promotes over-harvesting and discourages investment in conservation and improvement. Yukon River residents are very proud of the Yukon River Salmon Agreement because it allows for their ongoing effective participation in the management of Canadian salmon resources. To learn more about the Yukon River Salmon Agreement, download the pdf version of the Yukon River Salmon Agreement Handbook on this page or send an email address for a printed copy sent directly to you. In April 2001, Fisheries and Oceans Minister Herb Dhaliwal announced that representatives from the United States and Canada have completed the 16 years of negotiations on Yukon River salmon. Following the negotiations, delegations prepared the text of a Yukon River Salmon Agreement (YRSA) that addressed and paraphrased all fisheries conservation and management issues, including harvest shares. This agreement ensures the safety and stability of Yukon fishermen with the first fishing limits for the interception of encanine Yukon salmon. Salmon, which originates in the Canadian portion of the Yukon River drainage, is a common resource between yukon territory (Canada) and Alaska (USA). Yukon River Chinook and Chum Salmon have some of the longest hikes in the world and are popular for their size and oil content.

People along the river depend on this resource for food, social, ceremonial, recreational and economic purposes. Due to the sharp decline in the Canadian-made Yukon River salmon population, the two countries negotiated a collaborative management agreement for these resources – this agreement is now known as the Yukon River Salmon Agreement.